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                                                                                  优德w88可靠吗_2012年1月硕士学位世界联考英语试题(1A)

                                                                                  作者:优德w88可靠吗 发布时间:2018-07-08 08:12 阅读:861

                                                                                      考生留意事项


                                                                                    1. 考生必需严酷遵守各项科场法则。


                                                                                    2. 答题前,考生应将答题卡上的“考生姓名”、“报考单元”、“考生编号”等信息填写清晰,并与准考据上的同等。


                                                                                    3. 谜底必需按要求填涂或写在指定的答题卡上。


                                                                                    (1)综合填空、阅读领略的谜底填涂在答题卡(一)上,英译汉的谜底和作文的写在答题卡(二)上。


                                                                                    (2)填涂部门应该凭证答题卡上的要求用2B铅笔完成。如要窜改,必需用橡皮擦干净。誊写部门(英译汉的谜底和作文)必需用蓝(黑)色笔迹钢笔、圆珠笔或具名笔在答题卡上作答。


                                                                                    4. 答题卡严禁折叠。测验竣事后,将答题卡(一)和答题卡(二)一路放入原试卷袋中,


                                                                                    试卷交给监考职员。不然,所发生的统统效果由考生本人认真。

                                                                                        

                                                                                        Section I                 Use of English


                                                                                    Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark


                                                                                    A, B, C or D on Answer Sheet 1.(10 points)


                                                                                    Imagine fishermen walking down to the seashore, ready to carry out their early morning routine of preparing their boats and net. _1_ they hope for a good catch of fish. But to their _2_, a horrible sight meets their still sleepy eyes. Thousands of fish have been washed _3_ dead. The cause of this mass destruction? A red tide!


                                                                                    Red tides are a global _4_. They have been observed on both the Atlantic and the Pacific coasts of the United States and Canada. They have also _5_ in many other places. Though relatively few people are _6_ them, red tides are not new.


                                                                                    In the Philippines, a red tide was first seen in the province of Bataan in 1908. Since then, red tides have been seen in many other _7_. A Philippines red tide expert told us that “_8_ the fish kills, the Philippines has documented 1,926 cases of dead shellfish poisoning caused by red tides.”


                                                                                    The term “red tide” _9_ the discoloration of water that sometimes occurs in certain areas of the ocean or sea. Although the color is often red, it may also be _10_ of brown or yellow. The World Book Encyclopedia reports that “the discolored areas may range from _11_ a few square yards to more than 2, 600 square kilometers.”


                                                                                    What causes such discoloration? Red tides are generally caused by several _12_ of single-celled organisms. These tiny organisms have hair-like projections which they use to _13_ themselves in water. There are about 2,000 varieties of these organisms, 30 of which carry poisonous _14_. These minute organisms usually stay in warm waters with high content of salt.


                                                                                    A red tide occurs when there is a sudden and rapid _15_ of these organisms. The concentration of these organisms may _16_ to 50, 000, 000 per quart of water! Although scientists do not fully understand why this happens, it is known that these organisms _17_ when certain conditions simultaneously affect the water. These include abnormal weather, _18_ temperatures, an oversupply of nutrients in the water, a generous _19_ sunlight, and favorable water currents. When a heavy rainfall occurs, minerals and other nutrients are sometimes washed _20_ the land into coastal water. These nutrients can contribute to the breeding of the organisms. The result? Red tides!


                                                                                    1. A. As a result    B. As it is     C. As expectedD. As usual


                                                                                    2. A. satisfaction      B. disappointment  C. astonishmentD. regret


                                                                                    3. A. ashore           B. aboard       C. aside  D. across


                                                                                    4. A. question         B. crisis         C. phenomenonD. situation


                                                                                    5. A. occupied         B. occurred     C. acquired D. accused


                                                                                    6. A. assured of       B. worried about        C. concerned about D. aware of


                                                                                    7. A. sandy beaches     B. river mouths  C. coastal areas D. reef areas


                                                                                    8. A. except           B. besides         C. despite  D. without


                                                                                    9. A. applies to      B. sums up    C. copes withD. leads to


                                                                                    10. A. shadows      B. shades        C. shakesD. shapes


                                                                                    11. A. less than     B. more than   C. as much asD. as little as


                                                                                    12. A. components     B. elements     C. ingredients  D. species


                                                                                    13. A. propel        B. probe      C. proceed   D. prompt


                                                                                    14. A. materials       B. substances     C. masses  D. objects


                                                                                    15. A. bolt        B. block      C. bloom  D. blast


                                                                                    16. A. scale      B. plunge       C. gauge    D. swell


                                                                                    17. A. accelerate      B. accommodate     C. accumulate D. accompany


                                                                                    18. A. optimum     B. minimum    C. maximum  D. momentum


                                                                                    19. A. means of     B. amount of  C. way toD. account for


                                                                                    20. A. over     B. on     C. by      D. from


                                                                                    Section II               Reading  Comprehension


                                                                                    Part  A


                                                                                    Directions:Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet 1(40 points)


                                                                                    Text 1


                                                                                    Within a large concrete room, cut out of a mountain on a freezing-told island just 1,000 kilometers from the North Pole, could lie the future of humanity.